The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writerâs Guide to Character Expression has helped writers all over the globe, and it â¦ Another character begs Reverend Parris to speak to the people to calm their fears. Power-hungry tyrants and villains fill the pages of literature. If the Ancient Mariner wasnât frightened by the albatross around his neck? Situations that are triggering mean the characterâs perceptions have been altered, and the response is an immediate onset of fear and anxiety. Some characters want life to be elevated, inflated, like epic or romantic literature. Cole, for example, fears the spirit bear on many levels. In Holocaust literature, it portrays humanity strained to the core. Some examples:Â The Bible; Aeschylus, The Oresteia; Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter; Dickens, Bleak House; Franz Kafka, The Trial; Arundhati Roy, The God of Small Things. Some examples:Â Giovanni Boccacioâs Decameron; Daniel Defoeâs Journal of the Plague Year; Oscar Wilde, The Portrait of Dorian Gray; Albert Camus, La Peste (The Plague); Ian McEwan, Atonement; Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections.Â Â. If he's scared of fish then he's going to have to overcome that fear at least in part to stay alive. Let us say you are out for a nice walk in the woods and suddenly out in front of you jumps a cougar. Or how about this one? While other disasters arouse fear — earthquakes, volcanos — war and shipwrecks lead the field. âOur fears focus our attention on a question that is as important in life as it is in literature: what will happen next â¦ How we choose to read our fears can have a profound affect on our lives.â. Good fears to choose are ones that enhance tension in the book. Major conflict because of a misunderstanding. The Difference Between Villains and Antagonists. Choose ones that directly interact with the setting and conflicts in your story to enhance character reactions. Readers can forgive nearly any major flaw so long as they first sympathize with the character. Often, fueled by programs seen on television, children's fantasy fears, such as ghosts, dragons, and supernatural characters, find their way into the preschooler's play and dreams. That fear can change your characterâs entire direction. Tweet It! This post is a sequel to my posts " The Difference Between Villains and Antagonists " and " The Difference Between Heroes and... Have you ever noticed that, in a lot of children's and YA fantasy/adventure/action/sci-fi novels, the main character is an orphan? Some examples: Dante, The Divine Comedy (Count Ugolino and his children); Samuel Taylor Coleridge, âThe Rime of the Ancient Marinerâ (âWater, water, every where, nor any drop to drinkâ); Charlotte Bronteâs Jane Eyre; Elie Wiesel, Night; Susanne Collinsâ The Hunger Games. Use these three responses at different times to show different aspects of your character. There are many more, make â¦ Types of Fear - A List of Choices (This list does not include the hundreds of phobias) abandonment being bad, corrupt, evil, defective being controlled by others being deprived being harmed being incapable being of no value, worthless being unloved being useless change conflict death defeat diminishment, decline disease Fear #2: Â Avoiding death for the wrong reasons. Whether by murder, negligence or a set of circumstances beyond our control, the fear of causing the death of someone we love is a big one. Deprived of that illusion, they die or take their own livesâlooping us back to fear #1. If you feel like a certain fear would make the plot better, then work a reason for the character to have it into the backstory. Blurring the Lines: What Are Anti-Heroes and Anti-Villains? This is an excellent example of one of the only characters in the play whose fear is concerned with other people and not just himself as Mr Hale even resigns his job in a bid for justice. « Imperfect Happiness. Survival tends to trump the finer emotions when it comes to fear. Your characterâs underlying fears are just as important as their desires and motivations. Likewise, a character who was in a house fire as a child might experience unwanted memories whenever they catch a whiff of smoke. In 1819, the crewmembers of the whaleship Essex watched in horror as their boat was struck by a sperm whale and began to flood. What could cause the most problems for your character? If possible, make the character's backstory tie into the fear. Literature loves paradox and so, paradoxically, the second greatest fear is avoiding death for the wrong reasons: when death will inevitably follow a noble or moral act or out of cowardice, especially in war. Like pentheraphobia, the fear of your mother-in-law, heliphobia, the fear of sunlight, or genuphobia, the fear of knees. Pingback: Application of Fear – Multicultural Literature, Pingback: Mastering fear and anxiety - RICH YOUNG MINDS, Pingback: Mastering fear and anxiety - CRUSH YOUR FEARS - RYM kickstarter, Pingback: The Top 10 Classic Fears in Literature - The Puppet Show, Pingback: Fear = Thinking + Time | Ms. Paton, Pingback: The Top 10 Classic Fears in Literature | WhisperingDark, Pingback: The Top 10 Fears in Literature | WhisperingDark, Pingback: From Buffaloes to Taxicabs: A practical guide to overcome fear « The Tequila Effect, Pingback: What fear can teach us | Kelly Business Advisors, LLC, Pingback: Why Read Classics? Once again, the examples span the ancient classics all the way up to the present. The most debilitating, inconvenient, crippling fear you can think of. Example: The Hunter in Ceila Friedmanâs Coldfire trilogy can inflict this sort of pain, particularly in the form of nightmares. Some examples:Â Homer, The Odyssey; Defoe, Robinson Crusoe; Jonathan Swift, Gulliverâs Travels; Tolstoy, War and Peace; Yann Martel, Life of Pi. Fear of heights, fear of driving, fear of spiders - these are specific phobias. If you've never done a character chat, then you're missing out. Fear #1:Â Death, death, deathâdid I mention death? I have a character who is scared of hospital because of his past of growing up as a lab experiment. While they have great empathy for â¦ The literary record comes through loud and clear, showing many almost universal fears echoed throughout time. Above is an example of what a character arc looks like on paper and how you can utilize plot elements in order to further your characterâs development. Is fear a creative way to healthy outcomes? What things would naturally cause fears in the backstory you've developed? Look at the backstory you've already got to find potential fears. The Enneagram is a personality typing system that has its origins in antiquityâwith the Sufis and Desert Fathers. So, how can you go beyond clichés to create something with mâ¦ Fictional characters and irrational fears go together like bread and butter, like Romeo and Juliet, like Dave Eggers and long book titles. I tried not to give my main character that fear however, to make her seem stronger in that scene. [TOP TIP: Use our Character Creation Kit to help you create great characters for your stories.] You also, as mentioned somewhere above, have the option of kicking it up a notch more by turning the fear into a full-blown phobia. While this might seem the most trivial of fears, in fact it drives a lot of great literature. Author of the books The War Complex and Gone Primitive, you can read much more of her work at MariannaTorgovnick.com. 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